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Orchid playone

Orchid playone


The not very large genus Pleione belongs to the orchid family. This genus unites about 20 species, most of which are terrestrial plants. In natural conditions, they are found in the forests of Burma, Thailand, India, Laos, Taiwan, and also in the foothills of the Himalayas, Nepal and Tibet.

Such a deciduous plant with a sympoidal growth pattern is rather short. Not very large pseudobulbs have a spherical shape, tapering towards the top. They are collected in fairly dense groups. Each of the pseudobulbs is active for 12 months. In spring, 1 or 2 leaves appear from the upper part of the pseudobulb, reaching from 10 to 20 centimeters in length. Such long-stemmed leaves have a lanceolate or elliptical shape. Leathery soft leaves seem to be pleated along the central and lateral (parallel to the leaf plate itself) veins.

With the onset of the autumn period, all the leaves of the playon wither and completely die off, and also at this time the flowering period begins. Long stalks grow from the base of the bulbs, while they are single-flowered. These home-grown orchids have fairly large flowers that can be up to 10 centimeters in diameter. The central petals of the flower have grown together in such a way that they form an elongated tube with a distinctly fringed lip, often colored in a contrasting shade. The remaining 5 long petals, which have a lanceolate shape, are arranged in such a way that they form a narrow-beam asterisk, in which the rays below are slightly apart.

Thanks to breeders, more than 150 varieties of playon were born, which differ in color and size of flowers. So, there are both varieties with multi-colored flowers and monochrome ones. For example, in the Tongariro variety, the corolla is light purple, the inner surface of the tube is white, and there are also dark purple spots on it. The “Shantung” variety has flowers of a rich yellow color, while on the surface of the lip there is one relatively large shapeless spot. The "Snowcap" variety has white flowers.

Home care for the playone orchid

This plant is usually grown as a garden plant. However, if certain conditions are created for him, then it may well grow indoors.

Illumination

He needs a fairly intense, but diffused lighting. Shading is required from direct rays of the sun. For placement, it is recommended to choose windows of east or west orientation. On such windowsills, this orchid will receive a sufficient amount of light and at the same time it will not be hot.

Temperature regime

During intensive growth, it needs moderate temperatures from 18 to 22 degrees. The playone reacts extremely negatively to the heat.

Dormant period

After flowering ends and all the leaves fall off, the remaining pseudobulbs are transferred to a cool place for storage. However, you should choose a room in which the temperature will be above 2-5 degrees, otherwise this kind of orchid may freeze.

Experienced growers use various methods of storing pseudobulbs. So, the container with the plant can be rearranged in the basement, but only those that do not freeze. You can also take out the previously well-dried pseudobulbs, cut off all the roots, leaving a couple of centimeters from them, wrap them in a cellophane bag or paper and put them in a regular refrigerator on a shelf designed for storing fruits. However, such pseudobulbs must be monitored. So, they should not dry out, and it is also not necessary to allow condensation to accumulate on the walls of the bag.

How to water

During intensive growth, watering should be abundant. In this case, the substrate should be constantly moist.

Only soft water is used for irrigation. In the event that tap water is taken for this purpose, then it must be well settled, and if necessary, it can be filtered.

Air humidity

During the growing season, it needs a slightly high humidity up to 60 percent. To increase humidity, systematic foliage humidification from a sprayer is recommended. And you can also pour expanded clay into the pallet and pour in a small amount of water.

Fertilizer

Top dressing is carried out once a week from March to October. To do this, use a special fertilizer for orchids.

After the foliage begins to turn yellow in autumn, fertilization of the soil stops.

Earth mixture

For planting this plant, a special loose substrate is needed, which will allow air to pass through very well, and at the same time retain moisture. Such a soil mixture, as a rule, consists of fine bark, crushed sphagnum and vermicompost, which should be taken in equal parts.

You need to plant the playone in a wide and low pot. Do not forget to make a good drainage layer of expanded clay at the bottom, which will help to avoid stagnation of liquid in the soil.

Transplant features

The transplant is carried out once a year in the spring. After transplanting, make sure that the tops of the pseudobulbs are not buried in the substrate. Approximately ¼ of them should rise above the soil surface.

During the transplant, you need to remove faded, old, shriveled pseudobulbs.

Reproduction methods

In spring, young pseudobulbs can be separated from the base of the mother plant and planted separately.

Pests and diseases

Mealybugs and spider mites can settle on the plant. After the pests are found, the orchid needs to arrange a warm shower, during which all the leaves are thoroughly rinsed. In this case, you should first protect the substrate from water from the water supply system. If harmful insects have not been completely destroyed, then treatment with appropriate chemicals is carried out.

Very often, the plant is sick with a variety of rot, which appear as a result of violations of the rules of care.

Video review

Orchids on the Pleione windowsill are snowdrop orchids. Garden World site


Ludisia orchid care at home

Location and lighting

Ludisia is one of the few orchids who prefer shade to light. Diffused light is suitable for growing it. It is better to close the plant from burning sunlight, otherwise the leaves will receive serious burns. Bright light is allowed only in the morning and evening hours. The duration of daylight hours should be at least 12-14 hours, so it is important to resort to the use of additional artificial lighting. An excess of lighting affects the ludisia - the orchid loses its decorative effect, and the leaves fall down with a lack of lighting, the leaves stretch out.

Temperature

Throughout the year, the daily temperature of the content of ludisia should be in the range of 20-22 degrees. At night, the temperature should not drop below 18 degrees. It is very important to observe small temperature differences between day and night: the difference should be 2-4 degrees.

Air humidity

Ludisia can be grown without problems in dry air, but the flower will still grow better with regular spraying of the leaves with water. To do this, you need to use soft, settled water at about room temperature or slightly higher. Hard water will leave streaks on precious leaves.

In spring and summer, when ludisia is actively growing and developing, it is important to arrange for it some kind of tropical rain - the leaves are washed under warm shower jets. Then the leaves are wiped with a soft cloth or napkin and only after that they put the pot with the plant in its original place in the room.

Watering

When watering ludisia, you need to proceed from the ambient temperature in the room. The higher the temperature, the more often and more abundantly watering should be, and vice versa. However, it is important to avoid stagnation of water in the pot or sump, the constant moisture condition of the soil can lead to rotting of the roots. But the substrate should not dry out either, since this can harm the orchid leaves.

The soil

The optimal soil composition for growing ludisia can be made from the following components: leafy soil, chopped fern roots, peat, charcoal and small pieces of pine bark. The largest pieces of the substrate should be at the bottom, and smaller ones closer to the surface. This prevents moisture from retaining in the pot. The top of the substrate must be covered with sphagnum so that it does not dry out too quickly.

Top dressing and fertilizers

Ludisia is fed up only during the period of active growth and flowering - from spring to autumn. For this, a universal fertilizer for orchids is used. At every third watering, use a dressing diluted in water in 1/3 of the recommended concentration according to the instructions.

Transfer

Frequent transplantation of ludisia is not needed. It is placed in a new pot only after the plant has grown too large and the old pot becomes too cramped. The new pot should be wide and shallow, and the best time to transplant is in spring.


Caring for the maxillaria orchid at home

Maxillaria is best suited for cultivation by experienced orchid growers. In order for a plant to develop and bloom normally, it needs to provide special conditions of detention, which sometimes is not so easy to do in indoor conditions. Experts advise using orchidariums, specialized greenhouses or terrariums for growing it.

Illumination and temperature conditions

In order to successfully grow this kind of orchid, it is imperative to select the appropriate temperature and illumination for it. Maxillaria narrow-leaved in natural conditions prefers to grow in the mountains, in this regard, it needs a lot of light and not too high air temperature. Such bright lighting and coolness are required by the flower all year round. In this regard, illumination with special phytolamps is recommended for him, it is worth remembering that the duration of daylight hours throughout the year should be from 10 to 12 hours. And the optimal level of illumination required for a flower is at least 6000-8000 lux.

This orchid should be protected from direct sunlight. This is not due to the high degree of illumination that they carry, but to an increase in air temperature. The fact is that such a flower needs moderate temperatures, and it reacts extremely negatively to heat. So, the optimal temperatures for growing it are from 18 to 22 degrees. In this regard, it is impossible to put maxillaria on windows with a southern orientation, because even if it is shaded, the air temperature will still be high.

It is worth remembering that such a plant can be completely replaced by artificial lighting. At the same time, special phytolamps must be used for lighting. Due to this, orchids can be allocated the coolest corner in the apartment, where the sun's rays will not reach it, as well as warm air heated by heating devices. This genus of orchids differs from almost all the others in that it does not require a mandatory temperature drop during the day to lay flower stalks.

How to water

This genus of orchids has another difference from the rest of the orchid family. The fact is that on the surface of its roots there is no porous protective layer (velamen), which is designed to prevent the rapid evaporation of the accumulated moisture. In this regard, overdrying of the substrate is contraindicated for the flower, since as a result of this, the roots begin to die off. But you shouldn't flood the flower too much, because when water stagnates in the substrate, rot may appear on the root system. You need to water in such a way that the potted substrate is always slightly damp (not wet).

Watering should only be done with soft water, the acidity of which is 5–6 pH. At the same time, experts recommend using well-settled water, which must be filtered. Watering is carried out by completely immersing the pot or block in a bowl filled with water. You need to take out the orchid after 20-30 minutes and wait until the excess liquid drains. Only then can it be put in its usual place.

Humidity

Maxillaria can grow indoors with dry air, but it is best if the humidity is kept at 70 percent. To increase the humidity, it is recommended to use household humidifiers and steam generators. So, the pot can be placed on a tray filled with pebbles with a small amount of water added. It is also recommended to moisten the flower from the sprayer, but it is only advisable to carry out such a procedure in the morning and evening (not in the afternoon).

Earth mixture

Blocks, pots or special hanging baskets can be used to grow this kind of orchids. But at the same time, planting maxillaria in a pot is not recommended because of the special growth of the "ladder", because after only 12 months the flower will fall on its side under its own weight. To avoid this, it is recommended to purchase supports made from tubes and covered with a layer of coconut fiber from the flower shop. They are placed in containers necessarily at an angle. As a result, the rhizome will grow under this support, fixing its roots in the coconut fiber.

Sphagnum is perfect for planting such an orchid, and no other additives are required.

A large piece of pine bark is used as a block, and it must be long. The roots and rhizome, previously wrapped in sphagnum, must be securely fixed on the surface of the block.

Fertilizer

Top dressing is carried out during intensive growth once every 14–20 days. To do this, use a special complex fertilizer for orchids, and take ¼-1/6 of the recommended dosage on the package.

Reproduction methods

Propagation of maxillaria grown indoors is possible only by dividing the rhizome into parts. It should be remembered that the delenka must necessarily have at least 3 adult pseudobulbs.

For reproduction in industrial conditions, seeds are used, as well as the meristem method (cloning).

Transplant features

The transplant is carried out only if absolutely necessary. For example, after the plant ceases to fit in a pot or on a block.

Diseases and pests

Disease and pest resistant. However, if the rules of care are not followed or the flower is placed in an unfavorable climate for it, it dies very quickly.

Flowering features

If the illumination and temperature conditions are correct, then flowering can occur in any of the months. After blooming, the flower withers only after 30–40 days, while the duration of flowering is on average 4 months.


Ascocentrum orchid care at home

The described genus of orchids is one of the most capricious and fastidious plants. Indoor varieties of Ascocentrum will have to pay a lot of attention after planting. Only an experienced florist can handle their cultivation. However, today, thanks to the labors of breeders, various hybrids have been bred, therefore, caring for ascocentrum at home has become much easier.

Location and lighting

The flower prefers to grow in a well-lit place where bright diffused light will fall on the leaves.It is not recommended to leave the flowerpot in direct sunlight for a long time; it is better to accustom the plant to the sun gradually. The ascocentrum orchid develops stably on window sills near windows directed to the east or west side.

With the arrival of autumn cold weather and for the winter period, additional lamps are installed near the ascocentrum. It is important to observe the light regime, i.e. during the year, the duration of daylight hours should be 10-12 hours. Otherwise, the lack of light will lead to a stop in growth.

Temperature

The orchid needs daily temperature changes so that the difference between night and day temperatures is at least 10 ° C. Optimal conditions are when the thermometer in the room is in the range of 24-31 ° C during the day, and at 10-20 ° C at night. Such a regime will have a beneficial effect on the cultivation of culture at home.

It is not recommended to take the pot with ascocentrum outside in the heat, since changes associated with adaptation to a new habitat can cause severe stress in the flower, which in turn will provoke the appearance of diseases and rapid wilting.

The soil

For growing Ascocentrum orchids, special hanging baskets or blocks are selected where no substrate is used. The aerial root system needs oxygen and good lighting. In some cases, an ordinary piece of pine bark is selected as a block. The rhizome is fixed on top of the block, wrapping each root with a thin layer of moss or coconut fiber to prevent moisture evaporation after watering.

Low-growing varieties and young seedlings are allowed to be planted in flower pots made of transparent material and filled with chopped pine bark. This natural raw material supports the shoots and helps to maintain balance. After watering, the roots dry out much more slowly, since the bark retains moisture.

Watering

For the ascocentrum orchid, a dormant period is not provided, in this regard, watering is organized to the same extent throughout the year. The rhizome is watered by immersing a flowerpot or block in a bowl of water. It is allowed to submerge the plant completely, it will not harm it. After 15-20 minutes, the orchid is pulled out of the water and returned to the place where the pot stood before. In a similar way, growers are advised to water the flower every day.

Air humidity

In order for the plant to develop normally, high humidity is maintained in the room - from 80 to 90%. Humidity below 70% negatively affects the growth of the Ascocentrum orchid. The microclimate in apartments, especially at the height of the heating season, does not always correspond to optimal standards. To get out of the situation and increase the humidity, household humidifiers or steam generators help.

Top dressing

It is enough to fertilize the plant once a month. Special mixtures are used for orchid crops. It is advisable to take half of the dose indicated by the manufacturer on the label. Top dressing is dissolved in irrigation water. It is also recommended to arrange monthly foliar feeding of the ground part when the leaves are sprayed with the diluted nutrient mixture.


Watch the video: Demy play1